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Green: More Than Just a Color

Green is an important color in nature. It is the color of grass and the leaves on trees. It is also the color of most growing plants.

Sometimes, the word green means young, fresh and growing. Sometimes, it describes something that is not yet ripe or finished.

For example, a greenhorn is someone who has no experience, who is new to a situation. In the fifteenth century, a greenhorn was a young cow or ox whose horns had not yet developed. A century or so later, a greenhorn was a soldier who had not yet had any experience in battle. By the eighteenth century, a greenhorn had the meaning it has today - a person who is new in a job.

About one hundred years ago, greenhorn was a popular expression in the American west. Old-timers used it to describe a man who had just arrived from one of the big cities back east. The greenhorn lacked the skills he would need to live in the hard, rough country.

Someone who has the ability to grow plants well is said to have a green thumb. The expression comes from the early nineteen hundreds.
A person with a green thumb seems to have a magic touch that makes plants grow quickly and well. You might say that the woman next door has a green thumb if her garden continues to grow long after your plants have died.

The Green Revolution is the name given some years ago to the development of new kinds of rice and other grains. The new plants produced much larger crops . The Green Revolution was the result of hard work by agricultural scientists who had green thumbs.

Green is also the color used to describe the powerful emotion, jealousy. The green-eyed monster is not a frightening creature from outer space. It is an expression used about four hundred years ago by British writer William Shakespeare in his play "Othello."

It describes the unpleasant feeling a person has when someone has something he wants. A young man may suffer from the green-eyed monster if his girlfriend begins going out with someone else. Or, that green-eyed monster may affect your friend if you get a pay raise and she does not.

In most places in the world, a green light is a signal to move ahead. A green light on a traffic signal means your car can continue on. In everyday speech, a green light means approval to continue with a project. We want you to know we have a green light to continue this series next week.

comes from приходить из (употребляется в настоящем времени).

going out выходить.

move ahead продвигаться, двигаться вперед.

continue on продолжать.

affect1 vt: 1 влиять на - this will affect her decision это повлияет на ее решение; this affects me это касается меня; 2 трогать - we were much affected by the play пьеса нас растрогала.
affecting adj трогательный - an affecting scene трогательная сцена.
affection n 1 привязанность, любовь - he is held in great affection его все любят; 2 (мед.) заболевание.
affectionate adj ласковый, нежный - an affectionate look ласковый взгляд.
affectionately adv тепло, ласково - she greeted him affectionately она его тепло встретила.

affect2 vt 1 предпочитать - she affects bright colors она любит яркие цвета; 2 притворяться - he affects indifference он притворяется равнодушным.
affected adj жеманный - affected manners жеманные манеры.
affectation n притворство, жеманство - her show of sympathy is sheer affectation ее сочувствие — сплошное притворство.

agriculture n сельское хозяйство.
agricultural adj сельскохозяйственный - an agricultural expert агроном.

century n век, столетие - in the twentieth century в двадцатом веке.

crop n 1 урожай, посевы - rice crop урожай риса; a heavy crop of apples богатый урожай яблок; 2 стрижка - a short crop (of hair) короткая стрижка.
crop vt: the sheep had cropped the grass short овцы объели всю траву; to crop a horse's tail подрезать хвост лошади; vi: the barley cropped well в этом году был хороший урожай ячменя.

describe vt описывать - I wouldn't describe him as stupid я бы не сказал, что он глуп.
description n 1 описание; to give a detailed description of a place дать подробное описание местности; 2: books of every description самые разные книги; people of all descriptions люди всякого рода и звания.

express1 n (железнодорожный) экспресс.

express2 adj 1 определенный, ясный, твердый; специальный - I came with the express purpose of seeing you я пришел сюда специально, чтобы встретиться с тобой; 2 срочный - an express letter срочное письмо.
express adv: to travel express ехать экспрессом.
express vt выражать - to express a wish выразить желание.
expression n выражение - to read with expression читать с выражением.
expressive adj выразительный.

fright n испуг - to scream with fright закричать от испуга; 2: she looked a fright она была просто пугало.
frighten vt 1 пугать - how you frightened me! как ты меня испугал! 2 (to be frighten ed) пугаться, бояться - don't be frightened! не пугайтесь!
frightening adj пугающий.
frightful adj страшный, ужасный.

grain n 1 хлеба, хлебные злаки, зерно, крупа - the grain harvest урожай зерна; 2 зерно, зернышко, крупинка - a grain of gold крупинка золота.

ripe adj спелый, зрелый - to grow ripe поспеть.
ripen vt: how can I ripen these tomatoes? что мне сделать, чтобы эти помидоры созрели? vi зреть, созревать, спеть.

skill n мастерство - he shows great skill as a negotiator он умело ведет переговоры.
skilled adj опытный, искусный - he is a skilled business man он опытен в делах.
skilful adj умелый, искусный - skilful guidance умелое руководство.

traffic n 1 движение, транспорт - be careful of the traffic! берегись автомобиля! 2: the drug traffic торговля наркотиками.

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SE-WS-Green.mp32.75 Мб